Fibrous dysplasia is a rare bone condition in which scar-like (fibrous) tissue replaces normal bone tissue. The damaged bone may become weaker as a result of the uneven tissue, causing it to deform or fracture.
Fibrous dysplasia most commonly affects a single bone; however, it can sometimes affect numerous bones. Adolescents and young adults are more likely to have single bone involvement. Symptoms usually appear before the age of ten in people who have more than one afflicted bone.
It is a genetic condition produced by a gene mutation that is not handed down from one generation to the next. The illness has no known treatment. The goal of treatment, which may include surgery, is to alleviate discomfort while also mending or stabilising bones.
What are the symptoms of Fibrous dysplasia?
Fibrous dysplasia can manifest with little or no symptoms, especially if the illness is moderate. Fibrous dysplasia that is more severe can lead to:
- Bone pain is commonly described as a dull ache that ranges from mild to moderate.
- Deformity of the bones
- Fractures of the bones, especially in the arms and legs
- Leg bones’ curvature
- Fibrous dysplasia can affect every bone in the body, although the following are the
- most typically affected:
- Thighbone (femur)
- Shinbone (tibia)
- upper arm bone (humerus)
Fibrous dysplasia is occasionally linked to a disease that disrupts your endocrine system’s hormone-producing glands. The following are examples of abnormalities:
- Early childhood
- Hormone production that is too active
- Skin with light brown dots
- Increased bone pain may also be linked to the menstrual cycle’s regular hormonal changes or pregnancy
What are the cause of Fibrous dysplasia?
Fibrous dysplasia is caused by a gene mutation in particular bone-producing cells. Immature and irregular bone tissue is produced as a result of the mutation.
Most of the time, the uneven bone tissue (lesion) is only found on one bone. Multiple bones are afflicted less frequently, but there may be multiple lesions on multiple bones.
During puberty, a lesion normally stops developing. During pregnancy, though, lesions may reappear.
Fibrous dysplasia is caused by a gene mutation that arises after conception, during the early stages of pregnancy. In a nutshell, you can’t transmit the mutation down to your children because it wasn’t inherited from your parents.
When should you see a doctor?
If you or your kid gets any of the following symptoms, see your doctor:
- Bone pain that worsens with weight-bearing exercise or persists despite rest
- Bone ache that keeps you awake at night
- Walking with difficulty or limping
- Swelling that hasn’t been explained
- Bone form changes
- Leg length differences
If you have further questions, our team of doctors at the Bansal Global Hospital is 24/7 available to help you with your medical concerns. Fix your appointment today and contact us at +919911062832.