With the increase in proportion of elderly population in the world, diseases related to old age have become public health issues. It is important to treat orthopaedic problems effectively to reduce the chances disability and make the geriatric population more self reliant. Here are some common orthopaedic diseases that show up in old age:
Osteoporosis is the reduction of bone density that makes the bone more prone to fractures and increases morbidity. In osteoporosis, it is common to have kyphotic back due to compression micro fractures in vertebral column. These fractures may occur even during performing normal daily activities such as lifting mildly heavy things, walking, and even sneezing. High protein, calcium, and vitamin D should be added in diet. Exercise regularly and reduce bone thinning by promoting remodelling of bone.
Hip fractures are most common in old age. This is due to increase in chances of fall in this age due to poor balance, muscle strength, and eye sight. Hip fractures, most likely require surgical treatment and definitely requires immobility which leads to more problems like joint stiffness, thinning of bones and muscle atrophy. It is important to maintain good diet and exercise regime to avoid falls and fractures.
Arthritis is a disease of joints and it is most commonly seen in weight bearing joints such as knees, hips, and vertebral joints. It occurs due to wear and tear of joint surface and cause pain during weight bearing. It also causes morning stiffness and swelling on affected joints. It may also require surgical intervention in order to reduce disability.
Low back pain
Nowadays, low back pain is commonly seen in both middle aged and old aged people. But it is more disabling in old age people. Low back pain can be due to multiple reasons and it may also cause pain radiating to legs if any nerve gets impinged in between bone surfaces. Muscle strengthening and hip mobility are required to keep the spine stable and pain free. Posture training and core exercises should be performed to reduce pain and avoid further deterioration.
The most common reason of these conditions worsening is ignorance. At earlier stages, people tend to ignore these instead of going for specialist treatment and consultation. That’s very hazardous to bone health.
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