Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure to remove the gall bladder. The gall bladder is required to be removed when there is an obstruction in gall bladder as in gall stones. It is minimally invasive which means it requires a few small incisions in the abdomen rather than one big incision which make it easier to heal. Many times laparoscopy can lead to complications some of them are listed below:
Whenever there is an incision, there is always a chance of infection. It is important to take good care of the incision. Note if there is any swelling, pus discharge, or pain present in the wound, it is crucial to inform your doctor as soon as possible to avoid further damage.
Hemorrhage may occur inside the body which is usually detected soon after surgery. This may be due to a low platelet count. Internal bleeding can be life-threatening as it may cause low hemoglobin and the patient may go into hypovolemic shock due to low blood volume.
Surgical procedures that require prolonged bed rest can lead to the collection of fluid in the lungs. If not treated on time, it may cause pneumonia. Proper breathing exercises should be implemented soon after surgery and any secretions present in the lung should be cleared out usually by chest physiotherapy.
Bile leakage may be detected postoperatively. There may be a collection of bile in drain put postoperatively. The patient may complain of tenderness in the abdomen, fever, and pain within a week of surgery. Proper screening may be required before deciding further treatment.
So, the take away is that it is a procedure which requires minute care and knowledge while performing it on the patient. We, at Bansal Global Hospital, ensure that only specialists are involved in the procedure and proper aftercare is provided to the patient.