6 Common Asthma Triggers You Must Know About
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that can cause bronchospasm and difficulty in breathing. It can significantly compromise the quality of life to a significant extent and affect productivity. Here are some common triggers that can be avoided to control asthma in children and adults:
Smoke and dust
Smoke and dust are known to irritate pulmonary tract which leads to release of excess mucus and make the bronchial lumen narrow and also hinder gaseous exchange within the lung surface. While going out, asthma patients should always wear a mask to protect themselves from the said allergens.
Over exertion or exercising can increase body’s oxygen demand and respiration rate. The affected individual may go into bronchospasm and might not be able to fulfil their body’s oxygen needs. Bronchodialators and relaxants are given to maintain respiration and reduce fatigue.
Strong emotions such as anger and sadness may trigger asthma and cause shortness of breath. It is important to control emotions and remove the cause of emotional trigger in order to improve breathing. Near and dear ones of the patient must know about this to ensure that the circumstances leading to this are avoided.
Furry pets tend to cause or worsen the symptoms of asthma as they shed their hair which can be inhaled, causing difficulty in breathing. Asthma patients are recommended to stay away from pets and other furry animals.
In some people asthma triggers more during spring season, it is due to elimination of pollen in air. Pollens have a hard covering around them which cannot be degraded by human body enzymes and chemicals they can irritate respiratory tract for a long time without being affected by chemicals. Face masks should be used during spring seasons while going out and a distance should be maintained from flowering trees.
Strong fragrances like perfumes can exacerbate asthma. Many asthma patients are advised to avoid any kind of smells to reduce irritation of respiratory tract. It depends on the patients’ individual condition and might not affect all equally.
Asthma isn’t easy to detect. The symptoms are common such as difficulty in breathing, wheezing cough, etc. If you are regularly troubled by any of the above triggers, you must consult a specialised doctor.
When it comes to children, the symptoms are more difficult to detect as they cannot properly communicate the problem. If you notice your child breathing heavily frequently or reacting to the above allergens, you must take your child to an expert paediatrician at the earliest.
To book an appointment with our child specialist Dr. Neha Bansal, you can contact the hospital directly or fill out the given form for more details.
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