What causes Bronchiolitis in kids and what’s its symptoms?

Bronchiolitis in kids and symptoms

Bronchiolitis in kids and symptoms

Bronchiolitis is a lung infection that affects infants and young children. It causes congestion in small pathways of the lungs which makes it harder for the baby to breathe. It shows symptoms of the common cold in the beginning but as it progresses the symptoms become severe which includes coughing, wheezing, and sometimes difficulty breathing. Usually, kids get better at home but some need medical attention. 

What are the symptoms of Bronchiolitis?

It starts as runny and stuffy nose, cough and slight fever, and difficulty breathing. Some infants also have an ear infections. 

What causes Bronchiolitis?

It is caused by a respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).  It affects the smallest airways in the lungs, making them swell and inflamed which makes it harder for the baby to breathe. Mucus collects in these airways, which makes it difficult for air to go in and out freely in the lungs. Bronchiolitis can also cause by the viruses that cause flu and the common cold. 

It affects kids under the age of 2 yrs. Infants as young as 3 months old are at great risk of Bronchiolitis. However, the risk increases threefold in certain conditions such as 

  • Premature birth 
  • Underlying lung condition 
  • Exposure to tobacco smoke
  • Low immune system

When to see a doctor? 


  • The breathing is fast or the kid is putting effort to breathe and has an audible wheezing sound.  


  • Dehydration 
  • Low oxygen levels
  • If the kid looks sluggish.
  • Refuse to drink or breathe too fast to drink and eat anything.  
  • If the skin is turning blue especially lips and fingernails. 



If these symptoms show up, your child needs medical attention immediately. 

How to prevent Bronchiolitis in young kids? 

Bronchiolitis is contagious, it spread from person to person. The best practices to prevent it from happening first is frequent hand washing especially before touching your baby’s face and second, disinfecting surfaces regularly. If your child is newborn limit contact with people with colds particularly in the first few months. 

If your baby shows such symptoms consult a Paediatrician immediately. Our team of professionals at Bansal Global Hospital will provide the best care for your baby so they can go back to being their happy selves.  Fix your appointment today and contact us at +919911062832.


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